vitamins and minerals

Which Type of Incontinence Do I Have?

Urinary incontinence in simple terms is leakage of urine by accident. There are four different types of incontinence and it’s good to know which one you have as treatment options can vary.

STRESS INCONTINENCE: Urine leaks whenever there is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, such as during sneezing, laughing, coughing, and exercising. The cause is essentially the weakening of the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor caused by:

1. Repeated pregnancies and deliveries that cause stretching and injury.

2. Genetic weaknesses.

3. Obesity.

4. Radiotherapy.

5. Other chronic diseases.

IMPRESSION INCONTINENCE: Also called overactive bladder, in this condition, if you have an urgent need to go to the toilet and you cannot get there in time, there will be leaks. It is because of:

1. Bladder nerve damage.

2. Muscle damage.

3. Damage to the nervous system.

Diseases such as Parkinsonism, multiple sclerosis, stroke and Alzheimer’s disease can damage muscles and nerves and lead to this type of incontinence.

Some women have both stress and urge incontinence and this is called MIXED URINARY INCONTINENCE.

FULL FULL INCONTINENCE: This is more common in men and results from an inability to completely empty the bladder and as a result urine left in the bladder constantly leaks out. The causes are :

1. Weak bladder muscles.

2. Blockage of the urethra by enlargement of the prostate.

3. Medical conditions like tumors.

FUNCTIONAL INCONTINENCE: With this type of incontinence, there is no pathology in the genitourinary tract, but conditions such as arthritis and dementia prevent going to the bathroom in time.

Regardless of the type, urinary incontinence can be an embarrassing problem. But the best solution is to talk. Be honest and tell your doctor that you have a bladder problem. From doctors, a simple question – “Are you leaking urine?” can support many more patients with urinary incontinence than are currently diagnosed. All incontinent bladders can be treated and where definitive treatments are lacking, one can learn certain skills that can help them deal with the problem.

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